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8-10-2015, 15:17

Tables of Rulers


In the lists below, many dates, inevitably, are only approximate, and in some cases it is a matter of taste what date or even what ruler one chooses to give (see the notes for some such cases). Co-regencies (with the exception of Philip III and Alexander IV) have generally been ignored to avoid cluttering up the lists, but in the cases of queens who ruled de facto, they had to be included since in those cases there usually was a king de iure as well. Where two rulers each controlled a substantial part of the country in question, both are indicated (with overlapping dates). Numeration of rulers is a modern habit and occasionally confuses more than it clarifies. The ancient convention was to use epithets - both official and unofficial. In the tables below the epithet(s) in most common use in modern scholarship is/are given, and a gloss is attached whenever the epithetís meaning is transparent.

A History of Greece: 1300 to 30 BC, First Edition. Victor Parker.

© 2014 Victor Parker. Published 2014 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Sparta (from Late Sixth Century)

Agiads

Eurypontids

Cleomenes I

Ca.520-490

Demaratus

? -491

Leonidas I

Ca.490-480

Laotychidas II

491-469

Pleistarchus

480-458

Archidamus II

469-427

Pleistoanax

458-445, 426-408

Agis II

427-400

Pausanias

445-426, 408-394

Agesilaus

400-360

Agesipolis I

394-380

Archidamus III

360-338

Cleombrotus I

380-371

Agis III

338-330

Agesipolis II

371-370

Eudamidas I

330- ca. 300

Cleomenes II

370-309

Archidamus IV

Ca.300-280

Areus I

309-265

Eudamidas II

Ca.280-245

Acrotatus

265- ca. 260

Agis IV

245-241

Areus II

Ca.260-252

Eudamidas III

241-228

Leonidas II

Ca.252-243, 241-228

Archidamus V

227

Cleombrotus II

243-241

Eucleidas*

227-222

Cleomenes III

228-219

Lycurgus

219-ca. 211

Agesipolis III

219-ca. 215

Pelops

Ca.211-200

(end of Agiad line)

Nabis**

Ca.200-192

*Agiad. Eucleidasí successors, Lycurgus and Lycurgusí son Pelops, may have been Eurypontids. ** Regent since 207.



 

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