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23-05-2015, 18:14

Lucius Septimius Severus

Lucius Septimius Severus: emperor of the Roman world (193-211).


Septimius Severus
Names:

11 April 145: Lucius Septimius Severus
9 April 193: Imperator Caesar Lucius Septimius Severus Pertinax Augustus
4 February 211: natural death

Successor of: Pertinax, Didius Julianus

Relatives:
father: Publius Septimus Geta
mother: Fulvia
first wife: Paccia Marciana
second wife: Julia Domna
sons: Caracalla, Geta
Early career
145 Born in Lepcis Magna
170 Quaestor
171 Quaestor II
173 Deputy of the proconsul of Africa
174 Tribune
178 Praetor
c.180 Iuridicus Asturiae et Callaeciae
c.182 Commander of IIII Scythica
186-189 Propraetor of Gallia Lugdunensis
189/190 Proconsul of Sicily
190 Consul
191-193 Propraetor of Pannonia Superior
Main deeds
193 Murder of Pertinax; Didius Julianus, Pescennius Niger, Clodius Albinus, and Septimius Severus proclaimed emperor; Severus marches on Rome; recognized by the Senate; marches to the east
194 Consul II (with Clodius Albinus II); siege of Byzantium; recognized in Egypt; defeats Niger near Issus; Baalbek raised to the rank of colonia; claims to have been adopted by Marcus Aurelius
195 Sack of Byzantium; First war against the Parthian empire; accepts the titles Arabicus, Adiabenicus, and Pius; war declared upon Clodius Albinus
196 Caracalla made caesar; Severus returns to Rome
197 Clodius Albinus defeated; beginning of Second Parthian War
198 Parthian victory; accepts the title Parthicus
199 Stay in Syria and Egypt
200 Stay in Rome
201 Preparation of visit to Africa; founding of Gholaia
202 Consul III (with Caracalla); decennalia in Rome; Caracalla marries Plautilla; moves to Africa
203 Campaign against the Garamantes; visit to Lepcis; dedication of the Arch of Septimius Severus; Byzantium refounded
204 Ludi Saeculares
205 Caracalla consul II (with Geta); fall of Plautian, the praetorian prefect
206 War against the bandits of Bulla Felix
208 Caracalla consul III (with Geta II); Leaves for Britain
210 Accepts the title Britannicus
211 Death in York


Julia Domna, Septimius Severus, Geta (erased), and Caracalla
New legions: I Parthica, II Parthica, III Parthica

Buildings (Rome)

Arch of Septimius Severus, Arch of the Bankers, Baths of Severus, Septizodium
Buildings (outside Rome)
Byzantium, Mese, Sea Walls, Hippodrome
Lepcis Magna, many buildings, like the Arch of Severus, the New Forum, the Basilica, the Temple of the Septimians, and the Port
Contemporary events
197 Tertullian publishes his Apologeticum
203 Martyrdom of Perpetua

Succeeded by: Caracalla, Geta
Links
biography included in the Historia Augusta,
Cassius Dio, Roman History (Book 75, 76, 77)
Herodian, History of the Roman Empire (Book 2 and 3)
Asellius Aemilianus
Julia Maesa
Philostratus
Plautianus
Tertullian
Varius Marcellus

"No battles and no victories can be compared to those of Severus, and no army to the size of his army; there are no comparable uprisings among nations, or total number of campaigns, or length and speed of marches."

 

 

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