Staffing an archaeological project is usually not difficult. There are some obvious requirements, and it is the director’s responsibility to select the
Team and to ensure that they work together as a team. A director can often get totally caught up in the archaeological aspects of an excavation or project and forget (or neglect) to ensure that there is a good team spirit. This, in my opinion, has the priority in any project. It is important to ensure that everyone is happy, contented and enjoying the work. In such a situation, better work will be done in an atmosphere of good will. Expeditions have often disintegrated, or progressed badly, because of endless bickering over trivial items like the quality of the food, the lack of proper toilets, or insufficient time off for recreation, etc. All these things can be resolved quickly and simply and thus dramatically change the atmosphere of the expedition if the leader or director is aware of the problems. Similarly, it is important that all expedition members become involved in their work. Regular formal meetings are essential, but it is also worth creating an environment where expedition members can sit and discuss the work in a relaxed atmosphere, for example, after the evening meal. A lot of thought should be given to the question of work and relaxation areas within a campsite or on an expedition. Areas should be arranged so that those who want to work can do so, without being interrupted. Similarly, those who wish to relax and socialize, should be able to, without disturbing people who are resting or working. While this may seem a trivial item, in my opinion, the best archaeological results are obtained where everyone has enjoyed the work and thus been enthusiastic about the project.
The project director has to delegate some responsibility, particularly if the team is large. Delegation is often a problem, and some people find it difficult to delegate. However, there is no doubt that by delegating responsibility, not only does it allow one to work more efficiently, but it also generates enthusiasm and interest in the person given the job. There are a number of responsibilities falling under the general headings of technical (diving, time-keeping, equipment maintenance, boats, machinery, safety, medical, underwater rigging and construction, communications); archaeological (surveying, artifact registration, underwater photography, artifact drawing and photography, conservation, recording, site plans, storage); and miscellaneous (catering, accommodation, travel, bar steward, treasurer, etc.). It is a wise director who ensures that most, if not all these jobs are delegated, allowing time to oversee the operation and to coordinate the work.