African Americans returned from the war with a range of new experiences. Many had found their contacts with the French people free from the racism of their own country. They returned with military training that made it possible to resist white violence, as in the Tulsa, Oklahoma, race riot of 1921 . Perhaps most important of all, many African Americans now expected better treatment in the United States as a result of their service for their country. They found little if any tangible change around them, but their strengthened hopes and expectations were expressed by W.E.B. Du Bois: "Make way for Democracy ! We saved it in France, and by the Great Jehovah, we will save it in the United States of America or know the reason why."