The Americans regarded the future of Japan as their own concern. In 1942 they had begun to study the problems posed by occupation and what powers should be granted to the military command. After some hesitation, they decided not to depose the Emperor. He retained his title, disendowed of divine powers, and served as mediator to make the Japanese more receptive oi American policy. Representatives of all the allied countries attended the surrender ceremony and served on the occupation commission in a consultative capacity. At Tokyo war criminals were tried and sentenced by a tribunal. At General MacArthur's order, as supreme commander for the Allied Powers, Japan was demilitarized and democratized.