The study of the city of Rome in antiquity has been placed on an entirely new footing with the completion in 2000 of the Lexicon Topographicum Urbis Romae (Steinby 1993-2000), its six volumes providing an exhaustive guide to the topography and monuments of the ancient city. Richardson 1992 provides less detailed coverage, but is more accessible for the English-language reader; see also Platner and Ashby 1929. Stambaugh 1988 provides a synthetic survey of the development of the city and various features of urban life; Claridge 1998 is an up-to-date guidebook to the surviving remains, with much useful information about the layout and history of the city. Since the 1980s there has been an upsurge in archaeological activity at Rome: some of this work is reviewed in Patterson 1992b, and extremely useful synopses of recent work in the city are published in the Bullettino della Commissione Archeologica Comunale di Roma (BCAR): see vols. 98 (1997): 329-98, 100 (2001): 325-91, and 102 (2001): 365-422 for the most recent of these. Coulston and Dodge 2000 contains a series of useful articles on a range of aspects of the city’s archaeology: a sourcebook on the city by the same authors is forthcoming, which will serve to replace Dudley 1967. Chapter 4 above has many points of contact with the present one and offers a narrative of the development of the city from the beginning of the Republic.
On the different topics under consideration in this chapter, the following are recommended. Political competition: Flower 1996 covers a wide range of topics related to the physical manifestations of aristocratic competition; Patterson 2000a (with further bibliography) provides an introduction to the topic. The growth of the metropolis: see in particular Morley 1996, and the essays in Edwards and Woolf 2003, for discussion of the demographic characteristics of the city and their implications. Living conditions: the classic article by Scobie (1986) is now complemented by Purcell 1994. See Whittaker 1993a for a valuable account of ‘‘the poor’’ at Rome. Changing political space: the implications of this for our broader understanding of how Roman politics worked are explored in particular by Millar (1989, 1998) and, reacting to his approach, Mouritsen (2001) and Morstein-Marx (2004). Supplying the city: Rickman (1980) and Garnsey (1988) investigate the mechanisms devised to supply the city with food, and the political implications. For building materials see Meiggs 1982 and DeLaine 1995.