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 Battleground 1066 - The Battles of York, Stamford Bridge & Hastings
Battleground 1066 - The Battles of York, Stamford Bridge & Hastings
Author: Peter Marren
Battleground 1066 - The Battles of York, Stamford Bridge & Hastings
Pen & Sword
2002
Format: PDF
Pages: 176
Language: English
Size: 70.6 MB

If ever there was a year of destiny for the British Isles, 1066 must have a strong claim. King Harold faced invasion not just from William and the Normans across the English Channel but from the Dane, King Harald Hadrada. Before he faced the Normans at Hastings in October he had fought and defeated the Danes at York and neighbouring Stamford Bridge in September. What dramatic changes of fortune, heroic marches, assaults by land and sea took place that year! This book explains what really happened and why in what is arguably the 'best-known' but worst understood battle in British history.

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 The Persian Army 560-330bc
The Persian Army 560-330bc
Author:Nicholas Sekunda, Simon Chew
The Persian Army 560-330bc
Osprey Publishing Ltd
1992
Format: pdf
Size: 40.5Mb
Language: English

The Persian Empire grew in the vacuum left by Assyria's destruction of the Kingdom of Elam (648 BC). Prince Teispes captured Anshan, once a stonghold of the Elamites. His father, Achaemenes is the person who is apparently responsible for training and organising the early Persian army and it is his name that is the beginning of the royal line of Achaemenian Kings. It is a dynasty which includes Darius the Great – the finest ruler of the Achaemenid era. The army he commanded included the infamous 'Immortals', who formed the elite of the Persian army, their numbers always kept to exactly 10,000 men.

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 Jason and the Argonauts
Jason and the Argonauts
Author: Neil Smith
Jason and the Argonauts (Myths and Legends)
Osprey Publishing
2013
Format: epub
Size: 20 Mb
Language: English

The voyage of Jason and the Argonauts and their hunt for the Golden Fleece is one of the most enduringly popular of all of the Ancient Greek heroic myths. Accepting the quest in order to regain his kingdom, Jason assembled a legendary crew including many of Greece's greatest heroes such as Hercules, Orpheus, Atalanta, Telamon, and the twins Castor and Pollux. With this band of heroes and demi-gods, Jason set sail in the Argo on a journey across the known world. During their quest, the Argonauts faced numerous challenges including the harpies, the clashing rocks, the Sirens, Talos the bronze man, the sleepless dragon that guarded the fleece, and of course the fickle will of the gods of Olympus.
Dr. Neil Smith retells this classic myth, examining its origins, its history, and its continued popularity. The text is supported by numerous illustrations both classical and modern, including numerous artwork plates especially commissioned for this work.

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 Ancient Cities: The Archaeology of Urban Life in the Ancient Near East and Egypt, Greece and Rome
Ancient Cities: The Archaeology of Urban Life in the Ancient Near East and Egypt, Greece and Rome
Author: Charles Gates
Ancient Cities: The Archaeology of Urban Life in the Ancient Near East and Egypt, Greece and Rome (2nd edition)
Routledge
2011
ISBN: 0415498643
Format: PDF
Size: 22,1 МБ
Language: English
Pages: 504
Ancient Cities surveys the cities of the Ancient Near East, Egypt, and the Greek and Roman worlds from the perspectives of archaeology and architectural history, bringing to life the physical world of ancient city dwellers by concentrating on evidence recovered from archaeological excavations. Urban form is the focus: the physical appearance and overall plans of the cities, their architecture and natural topography, and the cultural and historical contexts in which they flourished. Attention is also paid to non-urban features such as religious sanctuaries and burial grounds, places and institutions that were a familiar part of the city dweller's experience. Objects or artifacts that represented the essential furnishings of everyday life are discussed, such as pottery, sculpture, wall paintings, mosaics and coins. Ancient Cities is unusual in presenting this wide range of Old World cultures in such comprehensive detail, giving equal weight to the Preclassical and Classical periods, and in showing the links between these ancient cultures.

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 The Amazons: Lives and Legends of Warrior Women across the Ancient World
The Amazons: Lives and Legends of Warrior Women across the Ancient World
Author: Adrienne Mayor
The Amazons: Lives and Legends of Warrior Women across the Ancient World
Princeton University Press
2014
Format: PDF
Size: 10.6 Mb
Language: English

Amazons--fierce warrior women dwelling on the fringes of the known world--were the mythic archenemies of the ancient Greeks. Heracles and Achilles displayed their valor in duels with Amazon queens, and the Athenians reveled in their victory over a powerful Amazon army. In historical times, Cyrus of Persia, Alexander the Great, and the Roman general Pompey tangled with Amazons.
But just who were these bold barbarian archers on horseback who gloried in fighting, hunting, and sexual freedom? Were Amazons real? In this deeply researched, wide-ranging, and lavishly illustrated book, National Book Award finalist Adrienne Mayor presents the Amazons as they have never been seen before. This is the first comprehensive account of warrior women in myth and history across the ancient world, from the Mediterranean Sea to the Great Wall of China.
Mayor tells how amazing new archaeological discoveries of battle-scarred female skeletons buried with their weapons prove that women warriors were not merely figments of the Greek imagination. Combining classical myth and art, nomad traditions, and scientific archaeology, she reveals intimate, surprising details and original insights about the lives and legends of the women known as Amazons. Provocatively arguing that a timeless search for a balance between the sexes explains the allure of the Amazons, Mayor reminds us that there were as many Amazon love stories as there were war stories. The Greeks were not the only people enchanted by Amazons--Mayor shows that warlike women of nomadic cultures inspired exciting tales in ancient Egypt, Persia, India, Central Asia, and China.
Driven by a detective's curiosity, Mayor unearths long-buried evidence and sifts fact from fiction to show how flesh-and-blood women of the Eurasian steppes were mythologized as Amazons, the equals of men. The result is likely to become a classic.

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 Time Frame BC 1500-600 - Barbarian Tides
Time Frame BC 1500-600 - Barbarian Tides
Author: Collective
Time Frame BC 1500-600 - Barbarian Tides
Time-Life Books
1987
Format: PDF
Pages: 182
Language: English
Size: 22.6 MB

Describes the historical events and the various civilizations that flourished throughout the world, with emphasis on the Mediterranean area, from 1500 to 600 B.C.

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 Picts
Picts
Picts
Author: Anna Ritchie
Historic Scotland
1999
ISBN: 0-11493491-6
Pages: 65
Language: English
Format: PDF
Size: 31.8 MB

An Introduction to the Life of the Picts and the Carved Stones in the Care of Historic Scotland

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 The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Levant: c. 8000-332 BCE
The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Levant: c. 8000-332 BCE
Author: Margreet L. Steiner (Editor), Ann E. Killebrew (Editor)
The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Levant: c. 8000-332 BCE (Oxford Handbooks)
Oxford University Press
2014
Format: epub
Size: 13.6 Mb
Language: English

This Handbook aims to serve as a research guide to the archaeology of the Levant, an area situated at the crossroads of the ancient world that linked the eastern Mediterranean, Anatolia, Mesopotamia, and Egypt. The Levant as used here is a historical geographical term referring to a large area which today comprises the modern states of Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, western Syria, and Cyprus, as well as the West Bank, Gaza, and the Sinai.
Unique in its treatment of the entire region, it offers a comprehensive overview and analysis of the current state of the archaeology of the Levant within its larger cultural, historical, and socio-economic contexts. The Handbook also attempts to bridge the modern scholarly and political divide between archaeologists working in this highly contested region. Written by leading international scholars in the field, it focuses chronologically on the Neolithic through Persian periods -- a time span during which the Levant was often in close contact with the imperial powers of Egypt, Anatolia, Assyria, Babylon, and Persia. This volume will serve as an invaluable reference work for those interested in a contextualised archaeological account of this region, beginning with the tenth millennium BCE 'agricultural revolution', until the conquest of Alexander the Great that marked the end of the Persian period.

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 Prehistoric Europe
Prehistoric Europe
Prehistoric Europe
Author: T.C. Champion, Clive Gamble, Stephen Shennan, Alasdair Whittle
Left Coast Press Inc
2009
ISBN-13: 978-1598744637
Pages: 371
Language: English
Format: PDF
Size: 38 MB

The study of European prehistory has been revolutionized in recent years by the rapid growth rate of archeological discovery, advances in dating methods and the application of scientific techniques to archaeological material and new archaeological aims and frameworks of interpretation. Whereas previous work concentrated on the recovery and description of material remains, the main focus is now on the reconstruction of prehistoric societies and the explanation of their development. This volume provides that elementary and comprehensive synthesis of the new discoveries and the new interpretations of European prehistory. After and introductory chapter on the geographical setting and the development of prehistoric studies in Europe, the text is divided chronologically into nine chapters. Each one describes, with numerous maps, plans and drawings, the relevant archaeological data, and proceeds to a discussion of the societies they represent. Particular attention is paid to the major themes of recent prehistoric research, especially subsistence economy, trade, settlement, technology and social organization.

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 Roman Conquests: Macedonia and Greece
Roman Conquests: Macedonia and Greece
Author: Philip Matyszak
Roman Conquests: Macedonia and Greece
Pen and Sword Military
2009
Format: EPUB
Pages: 208
Size: 6 Mb
Language: English

This will be the third in the Roman Conquests series (following Italy and Spain) and one of those with the most obvious appeal. While Rome was struggling for her very survival against the Carthaginians in the Second Punic War, Philip V of Macedon attempted to take advantage of their apparent vulnerability by allying with Hannibal and declaring war. For the time being the Romans negated this threat by shrewd use of allies to keep Philip occupied in Greece and Illyria. Once Carthage was defeated, however, the Romans were free to turn their full attention to settling the score.

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 Invisible Armies - An Epic History of Guerrilla Warfare From Ancient Times to the Present
Invisible Armies - An Epic History of Guerrilla Warfare From Ancient Times to the Present
Author: Max Boot
Invisible Armies - An Epic History of Guerrilla Warfare From Ancient Times to the Present
Liveright Publishing
2013
Format: ePub (e-book)
Pages: 827
Language: English
Size: 6 MB

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 Egypt's Making: The Origins of Ancient Egypt 5000-2000 BC
Egypt's Making: The Origins of Ancient Egypt 5000-2000 BC
Egypt's Making: The Origins of Ancient Egypt 5000-2000 BC
Author: Michael Rice
Routledge
2003
Pages: 312
ISBN: 0-415-26874-5; 0-415-26875-3
Format: PDF
Quality: Good
Language: English
Size: 9,18 mb

Examines Egyptian history from c.5000 BC to c. 2000 BC down to the collapse of the old kingdom, showing in particular how the art of the period throws light on the psychology of the people and explores the essentially African nature of Egyptian society, institutions, and art.

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 Rome - Echoes of Imperial Glory
Rome - Echoes of Imperial Glory
Author: Collective
Rome - Echoes of Imperial Glory (Lost Civilizations Series)
Time-Life Books
1994
Format: PDF
Pages: 176
Language: English
Size: 32.7 MB

Long before the age of Julius Caesar and the days of empire, the Forum was the place wher eRomans came to witness and take part in the great moments of their communal history. The Forum's beginnings seem as misty as those of Rome itself. Readers assume the role of archaeologists, uncovering secrets of ancient civilizations. Stunning photographs and illustrations, plus detailed cutaways, maps and diagrams.

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 Kingdoms of the Celts - A History and Guide
Kingdoms of the Celts - A History and Guide
Author: John King
Kingdoms of the Celts - A History and Guide
Blandford Pr
1999
Format: PDF
Pages: 256
Language: English
Size: 94 MB

With their vigorous and distinctive culture -- rich in music, art, and language -- the Celts have captured the imagination of people throughout the world. But who exactly are they, where were their earliest kingdoms, and how did their religious and social practices develop? This "guidebook" to Celtic history traces in fascinating detail their origins in Europe (including the name "Celt" itself); historical descriptions of their appearance and behavior; their social structure; and their migration from La Tene, Switzerland, to the British Isles. Portraits of warrior kings and queens, the legendary, chivalric King Arthur, and the Welsh and Breton royal dynasties vividly capture their personalities and the worlds in which they lived. Throughout, photos and illustrations display artifacts, artwork, and maps, as well as Celtic poetry and lively excerpts from historical accounts.

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 Ancient Scandinavia: An Archaeological History from the First Humans to the Vikings
Ancient Scandinavia: An Archaeological History from the First Humans to the Vikings
Ancient Scandinavia: An Archaeological History from the First Humans to the Vikings
Author: T. Douglas Price
Oxford University Press
2015
ISBN 10: 0190231971
Pages: 520
Language: English
Format: PDF
Size: 179 MB

Although occupied only relatively briefly in the long span of world prehistory, Scandinavia is an extraordinary laboratory for investigating past human societies. The area was essentially unoccupied until the end of the last Ice Age when the melting of huge ice sheets left behind a fresh, barren land surface, which was eventually covered by flora and fauna. The first humans did not arrive until sometime after 13,500 BCE. The prehistoric remains of human activity in Scandinavia - much of it remarkably preserved in its bogs, lakes, and fjords - have given archaeologists a richly detailed portrait of the evolution of human society.
In this book, Doug Price provides an archaeological history of Scandinavia-a land mass comprising the modern countries of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway-from the arrival of the first humans after the last Ice Age to the end of the Viking period, ca. AD 1050. Constructed similarly to the author's previous book, Europe before Rome, Ancient Scandinavia provides overviews of each prehistoric epoch followed by detailed, illustrative examples from the archaeological record. An engrossing and comprehensive picture emerges of change across the millennia, as human society evolves from small bands of hunter - gatherers to large farming communities to the complex warrior cultures of the Bronze and Iron Ages, which culminated in the spectacular rise of the Vikings. The material evidence of these past societies - arrowheads from reindeer hunts, megalithic tombs, rock art, beautifully wrought weaponry, Viking warships - give vivid testimony to the ancient humans who once called home this often unforgiving edge of the inhabitable world.

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 Crisis and Ambition: Tombs and Burial Customs in Third-Century AD Rome
Crisis and Ambition: Tombs and Burial Customs in Third-Century AD Rome
Author: Barbara E. Borg
Crisis and Ambition: Tombs and Burial Customs in Third-Century AD Rome (Oxford Studies in Ancient Culture & Representation)
Oxford University Press
2013
Format: PDF
Size: 72.9 Mb
Language: English

Tombs and burial customs are an exquisite source for social history, as their commemorative character inevitably expresses much of the contemporaneous ideology of a society. This book presents, for the first time, a holistic view of the funerary culture of Rome and its surroundings during the third century AD. While the third century is often largely ignored in social history, it was a transitional period, an era of major challenges -- political, economic, and social -- which inspired creativity and innovation, and paved the way for the new system of late antiquity.
Barbara Borg argues that during this time there was, in many ways, a return to practices known from the Late Republic and early imperial period, with spectacular monuments for the rich, and a large-scale reappearance of collective burial spaces. Through a study of terraced tombs, elite monuments, the catacomb nuclei, sarcophagi, and painted image decoration, this volume explores how the third century was an exciting period of experimentation and creativity, a time when non-Christians and Christians shared fundamental ideas, needs, and desires as well as cemeteries, tombs, and hypogea. Ambition continued to be a driving force and a determining factor in all social classes, who found innovative solutions to the challenges they encountered.

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 Regna and Gentes: The Relationship Between Late Antique and Early Medieval Peoples and Kingdoms in the Transformation of the Roman World
Regna and Gentes: The Relationship Between Late Antique and Early Medieval Peoples and Kingdoms in the Transformation of the Roman WorldRegna and Gentes: The Relationship Between Late Antique and Early Medieval Peoples and Kingdoms in the Transformation of the Roman World
Regna and Gentes: The Relationship Between Late Antique and Early Medieval Peoples and Kingdoms in the Transformation of the Roman World
Author: H.W. Goetz, J. Jarnut, W. Pohl
Brill
2003
Pages: 718
Language: English
Format: pdf
Size: 7.3 Mb

Late Antiquity, no doubt, was a “time of transition or rather transitions”.In spite of extensive research on the “Germanic” (or, from the Roman point of view, “barbarian”) invasions and the successor states of the Roman Empire, comparatively littleattention has been paid to the “transition of peoples”, or their “developing” into kingdoms.
This volume is deliberately not just confined to the “Germanic” peoples (Anglo-Saxons, Bavarians, Burgundians, Franks, Langobards, Ostrogoths, Vandals, Visigoths), but compares these with the West and East Roman tradition (Byzantium and Late Antique Spain) and also with non-Germanic peoples (such as Celts, Huns and Avars), and even with the Islamic kingdoms in early medieval Spain. It also seemed advisable to include a comparative survey of the different Germanic laws.

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 Late Roman Towns in Britain: Rethinking Change and Decline
Late Roman Towns in Britain: Rethinking Change and Decline
Late Roman Towns in Britain: Rethinking Change and Decline
Author: Adam Rogers
2011
ISBN: 1107008441
Pages: 250
Language: English
Format: PDF (E-book)
Size: 6 MB

In this book, Adam Rogers examines the late Roman phases of towns in Britain. Critically analysing the archaeological notion of decline, he focuses on public buildings, which played an important role, administrative and symbolic, within urban complexes. Arguing against the interpretation that many of these monumental civic buildings were in decline or abandoned in the later Roman period, he demonstrates that they remained purposeful spaces and important centres of urban life. Through a detailed assessment of the archaeology of late Roman towns, this book argues that the archaeological framework of decline does not permit an adequate and comprehensive understanding of the towns during this period. Moving beyond the idea of decline, this book emphasises a longer-term perspective for understanding the importance of towns in the later Roman period.

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 The Roman Triumph
The Roman Triumph
The Roman Triumph
Author: Mary Beard
Belknap Press
2007
Pages: 434
ISBN: 0674032187, 978-0674032187
Format: PDF
Size: 76 mb
Language: English

Listen to a short interview with Mary Beard Host: Chris Gondek | Producer: Heron & Crane It followed every major military victory in ancient Rome: the successful general drove through the streets to the temple of Jupiter on the Capitoline Hill; behind him streamed his raucous soldiers; in front were his most glamorous prisoners, as well as the booty he'd captured, from enemy ships and precious statues to plants and animals from the conquered territory. Occasionally there was so much on display that the show lasted two or three days.
A radical reexamination of this most extraordinary of ancient ceremonies, this book explores the magnificence of the Roman triumph--but also its darker side. What did it mean when the axle broke under Julius Caesar's chariot? Or when Pompey's elephants got stuck trying to squeeze through an arch? Or when exotic or pathetic prisoners stole the general's show? And what are the implications of the Roman triumph, as a celebration of imperialism and military might, for questions about military power and "victory" in our own day? The triumph, Mary Beard contends, prompted the Romans to question as well as celebrate military glory.
Her richly illustrated work is a testament to the profound importance of the triumph in Roman culture--and for monarchs, dynasts and generals ever since. But how can we re-create the ceremony as it was celebrated in Rome? How can we piece together its elusive traces in art and literature? Beard addresses these questions, opening a window on the intriguing process of sifting through and making sense of what constitutes "history."

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