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 Decline and Fall of Byzantium to the Ottoman Turks An Annotated Translation of Historia Turco-Byzantina 1341-1462
Decline and Fall of Byzantium to the Ottoman Turks An Annotated Translation of Historia Turco-Byzantina 1341-1462
Author: Doukas
Decline and Fall of Byzantium to the Ottoman Turks An Annotated Translation of Historia Turco-Byzantina 1341-1462
Wayne State University Press
ISBN: 0814315402
1975
Format: PDF
Size: 8,6 МБ
Language: English
Pages: 346
Decline and Fall of Byzantium to the Ottoman Turks: An Annotated Translation of "Historia Turco-Byzantina"

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 Bronze age greek warrior 1600-1100 bc
Bronze age greek warrior 1600-1100 bc

Bronze age greek warrior 1600-1100 bc (warrior 153)
Osprey Publishing Ltd
2011
Format: Pdf
Size: 8 Mb
Language: English

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 Empires of Medieval West Africa: Ghana, Mali, and Songhay
Empires of Medieval West Africa: Ghana, Mali, and Songhay
Author: David C. Conrad
Empires of Medieval West Africa: Ghana, Mali, and Songhay (Great Empires of the Past)
Chelsea House Publications
2009
Language: English
Pages: 152
Format: PDF
Size: 15,53 МБ
Beginning about 1200 CE, the Mali, Songhay, and Ghana empires spread their sequential influence across the western horn of Africa, making advances in trade, language, culture, and economy. Influenced heavily by Islam in their later periods, these empires flourished and grew under a series of powerful leaders, including one, Mansa Musa, whose skills were celebrated in European capitals. "Empires of Medieval West Africa, Revised Edition" discusses the vital role salt and other natural resources played in the development of the empires, the rich and diverse cultures, and the influence of the growing Islamic Empire on every day life. Included are some transcriptions of the oral tradition that is, in many cases, the only record of the deeds and achievements of these people. Connections to life today include the continuing impact of Islam and tribal groups in today's Africa and the influence of the medieval traditions on modern music and cuisine.

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 Die Ritterorden in Umbruchs- und Krisenzeiten. The Military Orders in Times of Change and Crisis
Die Ritterorden in Umbruchs- und Krisenzeiten. The Military Orders in Times of Change and Crisis
Author:
Die Ritterorden in Umbruchs- und Krisenzeiten. The Military Orders in Times of Change and Crisis
Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika
2011
Format: PDF
Size: 2.06 mb
Language: English

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 The Age of Exploration: From Christopher Columbus to Ferdinand Magellan
The Age of Exploration: From Christopher Columbus to Ferdinand Magellan
Author: Kenneth Pletcher
The Age of Exploration: From Christopher Columbus to Ferdinand Magellan
Rosen Education Service
ISBN: 1622750195
2013
Format: EPUB
Size: 16,6 МБ
Language: English
Pages: 163
The Britannica Guide to Explorers and Adventurers
People have been pushing boundaries in search of fame and fortune for centuries, from ancient times to the present day. A quest for knowledge has been another impetus for testing personal and universal limits, as has the thrill of adventure. Within these pages, readers will discover detailed accounts of the lives of explorers and adventurers throughout the ages, men and women whose journeys have been remarkable, whatever their motivation.

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 The Knights Templars
The Knights Templars
Author: Harun Yahya
The Knights Templars
Millad Book Centre
2003
Format: PDF
Size: 10,42 mb
Language English

The Templars were a shadowy medieval cult proscribed by a joint decision of the King of France and the Pope. It was originally founded to fight for Christianity, but over time_as the Templars acquired immense power, adopted heretical teachings, and established a capitalist system based on material gain, their order fell afoul of the Church. After being dispersed, the cult survived underground.


The Templars developed a fierce opposition to the Church and the divine religions in general, and eventually turned into the organization we know as the Freemasons. The Masons’ antireligious philosophy and involvement in revolutions and political movements is a consequence of their Templars ancestry. This book examines the secret history of this Templar/Masonic organization and some of its influences on recent world and Turkish history.

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 The Devil's Horsemen. The Mongol Invasion of Europe
The Devil's Horsemen. The Mongol Invasion of Europe
Author: Chambers James
The Devil's Horsemen. The Mongol Invasion of Europe
Book Club Associates
1979
Format: PDF
Size: 10 mb
Language: English
Pages: 212

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 A History of War and Weapons, 449 to 1660
A History of War and Weapons, 449 to 1660
Author: A. V. B. Norman, Don Pottinger
A History of War and Weapons, 449 to 1660
Thomas Y. Crowell Company
1966
Format: PDF
Pages: 232
Language: English
Size: 28.6 MB

The subject was divided into nine chronological periods, beginning with the Anglo-Saxons, followed by the Normans, and then by single chapters on each of the four centuries, 12th to 15th, with the last three chapters on three half-centuries from 1500 to 1660. Within each of these nine chapters, the material is sub-divided into four parts concerned with military organization; arms and armour; tactics and strategy; and, finally, castles and cannon. Each paragraph or page is marked by an appropriate symbol to indicate which of: these four topics is being discussed at that point, so that the reader, if he wishes, could read a brief history of tactics from 449 to 1660 by reading only the passages in the nine chapters marked by the symbol "T". To assist this there are, in addition to the ordinary table of contents, four other tables of contents giving the pages for each of the four topics. The plan may sound rather artificial, but it is surprisingly successful, aided, as it is, by the numerous small but clear illustrations in two colors. Some of the weapons included are: sword, longbow, halberd, pike, battering ram, catapult, cannon, and the brass feathered gun arrow. The book also includes important battles, tournaments, jousts, Renaissance pageantry, the carousel (the mounted ballet), and the evolution of armor - each vividly portrayed in words and pictures.

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 Time Frame AD 1200-1300 - The Mongol Conquests
Time Frame AD 1200-1300 - The Mongol Conquests
Author: Collective
Time Frame AD 1200-1300 - The Mongol Conquests
Time-Life Books
1989
Format: PDF
Pages: 184
Language: English
Size: 26.6 MB

Examines the effects of the expansion of the Mongol empire in the thirteenth century on the history, politics, and social conditions in Central Asia, the Middle East, and Western Europe.

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 Byzantine Trade, 4th-12th Centuries: The Archaeology of Local, Regional and International Exchange
Byzantine Trade, 4th-12th Centuries: The Archaeology of Local, Regional and International Exchange
Author: Marlia Mundell Mango
Byzantine Trade, 4th-12th Centuries: The Archaeology of Local, Regional and International Exchange
Ashgate Pub Co
ISBN: 0754663108
2009
Format: PDF
Size: 12,9 МБ
Language: English
Pages: 477
The 28 papers examine questions relating to the extent and nature of Byzantine trade from Late Antiquity into the Middle Ages. The Byzantine state was the only political entity of the Mediterranean to survive Antiquity and thus offers a theoretical standard against which to measure diachronic and regional changes in trading practices within the area and beyond.

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 Dark History of the Tudors: Murder, Adultery, Incest, Witchcraft, Wars, Religious Persection, Piracy
Dark History of the Tudors: Murder, Adultery, Incest, Witchcraft, Wars, Religious Persection, Piracy
Author: Judith John
Dark History of the Tudors: Murder, Adultery, Incest, Witchcraft, Wars, Religious Persection, Piracy
Amber Books Ltd
ISBN: 178274133X
2014
Format: EPUB
Size: 12.4 МБ
Language: English
Pages: 338
Divorced, beheaded, died,
Divorced, beheaded, survived.
– the fates of Henry VIII’s wives
Beginning with the victory of Henry Tudor over Richard III at Bosworth Field in 1485, and ending with the death of the childless Elizabeth I in 1603 following a 45-year reign, the Tudor dynasty marks a period in British history where England was transformed from a minor medieval kingdom to a preeminent European power on the verge of empire.
Yet this period of great upheaval had a dark side: Henry VIII’s notorious break with the Roman Catholic Church and his divorce or execution of four of his six wives; the sad story of teenaged Lady Jane Grey, who was monarch for just nine days before being executed in favor of the Catholic Mary I; and Queen Elizabeth I, who defeated the Spanish Armada, suppressed the Irish rebellion, and sponsored pirates and slave traders in the quest for new territories in America.
Illustrated with 180 photographs, paintings, and illustrations, Dark History of the Tudors is a fascinating, accessible account of the murder, adultery, and religious turmoil that characterized England’s most infamous royal dynasty.

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 Medieval Technology and Social Change
Medieval Technology and Social Change
Medieval Technology and Social Change
Author: Lynn White
Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195002660
1974
Pages: 224
Format: PDF
Size: 75.18МБ
Language: English
In Medieval Technology and Social Change, Lynn White considers the effects of technological innovation on the societies of medieval Europe: the slow collapse of feudalism with the development of machines and tools that introduced factories in place of cottage industries, and the development of the manorial system with the introduction of new kinds of plows and new methods of crop rotation. One invention of particular import, writes White, was the stirrup, which in turn introduced heavy, long-range cavalry to the medieval battlefield. The development thus escalated small-scale conflict to "shock combat." Cannons and flamethrowers followed, as did more peaceful inventions, such as watermills and reapers.

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 The Career and Writings of Demetrius Kydones: A Study of Fourteenth-Century Byzantine Politics, Religion and Society
The Career and Writings of Demetrius Kydones: A Study of Fourteenth-Century Byzantine Politics, Religion and Society
Author: Judith R. Ryder
The Career and Writings of Demetrius Kydones: A Study of Fourteenth-Century Byzantine Politics, Religion and Society
Brill Academic Publishers
ISBN: 9004185658
2010
Format: PDF
Size: 41,0 МБ
Language: English
Pages: 295
The second half of the fourteenth century was a period of rapid change in the Eastern Mediterranean, principally due to the expansion into Europe of the Ottoman Turks. Demetrius Kydones was one of the key Byzantine political and intellectual figures of the time, and his writings are regarded as one of the most important sources for study of the period. Kydones’ career spanned at least four decades, from the 1340s to the 1380s. A Latin scholar, influenced in particular by the writings of Thomas Aquinas (some of which he translated into Greek), Kydones was a leading advocate of improvement of relations between Byzantium and the Latin West as crucial to Byzantine survival. This book examines Kydones’ career and writings, investigating how they can contribute to developing a nuanced understanding of Byzantine political and cultural developments in these years of crisis.

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 The Medieval Knight
The Medieval Knight
Author: Martin Windrow
The Medieval Knight (The Soldier Through the Ages)
Franklin Watts
1985
Format: PDF
Pages: 38
Language: English
Size: 34 MB

Examines the day-to-day life and experiences of a typical soldier during the middle ages in England and France. Includes a glossary of terms and a brief chronology of major military events from the thirteenth to the fifteenth centuries.

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 The Middle Ages: An Illustrated History
The Middle Ages: An Illustrated History
The Middle Ages: An Illustrated History
Author: Barbara Hanawalt
Oxford University Press
1998
Pages: 161
Format: PDF
Size: 29 Mb
Language: English

A brisk narrative of battles and plagues, monastic orders, heroic women, and knights-errant, barbaric tortures and tender romance, intrigue, scandals, and conquest, The Middle Ages: An Illustrated History mixes a spirited and entertaining writing style with exquisite, thorough scholarship. Barbara A. Hanawalt, a renowned medievalist, launches her story with the often violent amalgamation of Roman, Christian, and Germanic cultures following the destruction and pillaging of the crown jewel of the Roman Empirethe great city of Rome. The story moves on to the redrawn map of Europe, in which power players like Byzantium and the newly-established Frankish kingdom begin a precarious existence in a "sea of tribes" (in the words of a contemporary).

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 Atlas of medieval Europe
Atlas of medieval Europe
Atlas of medieval Europe
Rоutledge
Author: Angus MacKay, David Ditchburn
1996
Pages: 288
Format: PDF
Size: 14 mb
Language: English

Covering the period from the fall of the Roman Empire through to the beginnings of the Renaissance, this indispensable volume brings the complex and colorful history of the Middle Ages to life. It investigates the major political, social and cultural changes, showing their spread throughout the middle ages, and takes into account recent developments in scholarship. It also includes geographical coverage, extending the broadest definition of Europe from the Atlantic coast to the Russian steppes; maps addressing a separate issue or series of events in Medieval history, with a commentary locating it in its broader context; and maps providing a vivid representation of the development of nations, peoples and social structures. With over 140 maps, expert commentaries and an extensive bibliography, this is the essential reference for students at all levels, libraries and all those who want a thorough, geographically based guide to medieval Europe.

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 The origins and development of the Ottoman-Safavid conflict
The origins and development of the Ottoman-Safavid conflict
Author: Adel Allouche
The origins and development of the Ottoman-Safavid conflict (906-9621500-1555)
K. Schwarz Verlag
1983
Format: PDF
Size: 68,4 МБ
Language: English
Pages: 202
The Ottoman-Safavid conflict is considered "within the framework of the entire geopolitical pattern of the Middle East and Transoxania at the end of the fifteenth century and the beginning of the sixteenth rather than within the simplistic framework of Shi'ism versus Sunnism." Examines relations between three of the major Muslim powers of the time--Ottomans, Safavids, Mamluks--while touching upon issues related to the Uzbeks, Mughals, and Christendom where relevant. Begins with Ottoman relations with eastern Anatolian and Iranian tribes following the capture of Constantinople (1453) and the development of the Safaviya Sufi Order culminating with the coronation of Ismail I in 1501. The bulk of the work then focuses on Ottoman-Safavid relations from Ismail's accession to the Treaty of Amasya (1555), paying particular attention to events leading up to Selim I's defeat of the Safavids at Chaldiran (1514) and the repeated clashes between Shah Tahmasb and Sultan Sulayman that led to Amasya and the surrender of Arab Iraq to the Ottomans. Also given attention is Selim's conquest of the Mamluk Empire in 1517, an effort to prevent a Mamluk-Safavid alliance, and Ottoman concerns over repeated Shi'ite rebellions in Anatolia.

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 Medieval Warfare
Medieval Warfare
Author: H. W. Koch
Medieval Warfare
Dorset Press
1988
Format: PDF
Pages: 264
Language: English
Size: 70 MB

Medieval Warfare is a comprehensive illustrated history of the way, why and how war was fought from the fall of the Roman Empire through and including the Renaissance and Protestant Reformation. This is the first serious work to analyze medieval warfare since the publication of Sir Charles Oman's classic study more than forty years ago.

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 The Emergence of the Bohemian State (East Central and Eastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 450-1450)
The Emergence of the Bohemian State (East Central and Eastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 450-1450)
Author : Petr Charvt
: The Emergence of the Bohemian State (East Central and Eastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 450-1450) Leiden-Boston: Brill
: 2010
ISBN: 9004180095
Pages: 288
Format : PDF
Size : 11 MB
Language : English

The emergence of the Bohemian state is a long-discussed topic with many obscure points. Though significant progress has been reached in recent decades, the interpretations proposed are far from satisfactory.
Important new information is still awaiting inclusion in explanatory schemes. In addition to that, treatises on the origins of Bohemian state have frequently failed to take account of studies of scholars from abroad. Taking account of all this, the author proposes a fresh look on some of the essential data provided by history, archaeology, art history and cultural or social anthropology. What emerges is a nuanced perspective of the rising of one of central Europes first states, attempting to avoid the pitfalls to which traditional research has been falling, with emphasis on a broad scope of vision taking account of research results reached far and wide.

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