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 A brief history of money in Japan
A brief history of money in Japan
A brief history of money in Japan
Author: composite authors
Tokyo: The Bank of Japan, Currency Museum

1996
Pages: 38
Format: DjVu
Size: 1 МБ
Quality: Good
Language: English

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 The Norman Conquest: The Battle of Hastings and the Fall of Anglo-Saxon England
The Norman Conquest: The Battle of Hastings and the Fall of Anglo-Saxon England
Author: Marc Morris
The Norman Conquest: The Battle of Hastings and the Fall of Anglo-Saxon England
Pegasus
2013
Format: PDF/ePub/MOBI
Size: 11 Mb
Language: English

An upstart French duke who sets out to conquer the most powerful and unified kingdom in Christendom.An invasion force on a scale not seen since the days of the Romans. One of the bloodiest and most decisive battles ever fought. This new history explains why the Norman Conquest was the most significant cultural and military episode in English history.Assessing the original evidence at every turn, Marc Morris goes beyond the familiar outline to explain why England was at once so powerful and yet so vulnerable to William the Conqueror’s attack; why the Normans, in some respects less sophisticated, possessed the military cutting edge; how William’s hopes of a united Anglo-Norman realm unraveled, dashed by English rebellions, Viking invasions, and the insatiable demands of his fellow conquerors.This is a tale of powerful drama, repression, and seismic social change: the Battle of Hastings itself; the sudden introduction of castles and the massive rebuilding of every major church; the total destruction of an ancient ruling class. Language, law, architecture, and even attitudes toward life itself were altered forever by the coming of the Normans.

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 Time Frame - The Natural World
Time Frame - The Natural World
Author: Collective
Time Frame - The Natural World
Time-Life Books
1991
Format: PDF
Pages: 184
Language: English
Size: 23.3 MB

Content:
1 Out of the Wilderness
Essay: Sanctuaries of the Spirit
2 The Mediterranean World
3 The Chinese Way
Essay: Mining the Earth's Riches
4 The Plow and the Cross
5 Expansion and Exchange
Essay: The Odysseys of Plants
6 The Global Challenge

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 Images of Terror: What We Can and Can't Know About Terrorism
Images of Terror: What We Can and Can't Know About Terrorism
Images of Terror: What We Can and Can't Know About Terrorism
Author: Philip Jenkins
Aldine de Gruyter
ISBN: 0202306798, 020230678X
2003
Pages: 227
Language: English
Format: PDF
Size: 23 Мb

As in the study of any social problem, to understand terrorism we must understand how certain interest groups and bureaucratic agencies present their particular views of terrorist phenomena, and how they strive and try to establish these as the ones that come to be accepted as obviously correct. We also need to consider their audiences. Why do the media accept or reject certain views of terrorism? Why does the public accept one kind of rhetorical presentation rather than another? How aYe popular attitudes shaped and reshaped by the images and stereotypes offered in the mass media, and in popular culture? When we appreciate the processes involved in making news about terrorism, we are better able to sift critically the claims that are made, and to evaluate policies.
Images of Terror provides a critical guide to the images of terrorism that we see daily in the mass media. All too often, scholars and journalists accept uncritically the interpretations of terrorism they receive from governments and official agencies. Our perceptions of terrorism are formed by the interaction of bureaucratic agencies, academics and private experts, and the mass media. Yet the images and stereotypes offered do not necessarily reflect objective reality.
Jenkins argues that terrorism, like most other problems, is socially constructed. He does not suggest that terrorism is not a real problem, an authentic menace, or that society should not respond promptly and effectively to terrorist threats. But rather than being something understood in the same way by people in different societies and different eras, the concept of terrorism is shaped by social and political processes, by bureaucratic needs and media structures. This process of construction applies both to the overall concept, and to specific movements, to groups and their actions.
For the foreseeable future, terrorism is likely to remain a dominant issue in the political life of the United States, and indeed of much of the world. This book raises important questions about how we form our notions of the enemy to be confronted, and how, when we make statements about terrorism, we know what we think we know.

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 Kookaburra Technical manual. Series 1, no.9: P-47 Thunderbolt Described Part 2
Kookaburra Technical manual. Series 1, no.9: P-47 Thunderbolt Described Part 2
Author: Geoff Duva
Kookaburra Technical manual. Series 1, no.9: P-47 Thunderbolt Described Part 2
Kookaburra Technical Publications
1969
Format: PDF
Size: 13,7 МБ
Language: English
Pages: 28
Profusely illustrated with b&w photographs, technical drawings, profiles.

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 Normandia 1944
Normandia 1944
Normandia 1944
Author: Wojciech Zalewski
Taktyka i Strategia, Alma-Press
Wielkie Bitwy Historii
2009
ISBN: 978-83-925676-7-7
Pages: 66
Language: Polish
Format: PDF
Size: 63 MB

Operacja Overlord – aliancka inwazja we Francji, trwajaca od 6 czerwca do konca sierpnia 1944 roku, ktora stanowila poczatkowa faze dzialan wojennych na froncie zachodnim (1944-1945) podczas II wojny swiatowej. Rozpoczela sie ladowaniem w Normandii, bedacym najwieksza operacja morsko-desantowa w dziejach swiata, ktorej celem bylo przelamanie Walu Atlantyckiego. Po zdobyciu i skonsolidowaniu przyczolkow przez aliantow oraz przesunieciu przez Niemcow w rejon inwazji posilkow nastapil okres wzglednej rownowagi sil i stabilizacji frontu, podczas ktorego glowny punkt ciezkosci stanowily walki o Caen. Nowy etap dzialan zapoczatkowala przeprowadzona pod koniec lipca Operacja Cobra, gdy Amerykanie przelamali front i wyszli na tyly niemieckich armiii w Normandii. Kulminacyjny moment kampanii stanowila sierpniowa bitwa pod Falaise, podczas ktorej znaczna czesc wojsk hitlerowskich zostala okrazona i rozbita, co umozliwilo aliantom wyjscie na linie Sekwany i wyzwolenie Paryza.

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 Le grand livre de l'histoire des civilisations. Mythes. Religions - Histoire. Géographie - Société. Culture
Le grand livre de l'histoire des civilisations. Mythes. Religions - Histoire. Géographie - Société. Culture
Le grand livre de l'histoire des civilisations. Mythes. Religions - Histoire. Géographie - Société. Culture
Eyrolles; Édition : 2e édition
Author: Eliane Lopez
1 mars 2012
Pages: 364
Format: pdf
Language: Français
Size: 65 mb
ISBN: 978-2212553222
Quality: Good

Le grand livre de l'histoire des civilisations. Mythes. Religions - Histoire. Géographie - Société. Culture

Ce guide dresse un panorama historique et culturel de toutes les grandes civilisations qui ont fait l'humanité.

Il s'ouvre avec l'apparition de l'homme sur terre et court jusqu'au début du
XXe siècle.
Toutes les ères géographiques sont couvertes,
depuis la Mésopotamie et la Méditerranée jusqu'à l'Océanie,
en passant par l'Asie, l'Afrique et les Amériques. mirknig.com
Pour chaque civilisation, l'auteur présente : les données géographiques essentielles ;
les aspects culturels et sociaux les plus marquants ;
les religions et les mythes ; les principaux événements historiques ;
les grands personnages ; des cartes et des illustration

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 Defending Gallipoli: The Turkish Story
Defending Gallipoli: The Turkish Story
Author: Harvey Broadbent
Defending Gallipoli The Turkish Story
Melbourne University Press
ISBN: 0522864562
2015
Format: EPUB
Size: 7,0 МБ
Language: English
Pages: 277
Based on exclusive access to Turkish archives, Defending Gallipoli reveals how the Turks reacted and defended Gallipoli. Author and Turkish language expert Harvey Broadbent spent five years translating everything from official records to soldiers' personal diaries and letters to unearth the Turkish story. It is chilling and revealing to see this famous battle in Australian history through the 'enemy' lens. The book commences with a jihad, which sees the soldiers fighting for country and God together. But it also humanises the Turkish soldiers, naming them, revealing their emotions, and ultimately shows how the Allies totally misunderstood and underestimated them Defending Gallipoli fills a huge gap in the history of the Gallipoli campaign.

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 Encyclopedia Of European Peoples
Encyclopedia Of European Peoples
Encyclopedia Of European Peoples
Author: Carl Waldman, Catherine Mason
Facts on File
2006
Pages: 984
Language: English
Format: pdf
Size: 24.1 Mb

"Encyclopedia of European Peoples" is an A-to-Z reference to the people of Europe, from ancient to modern times, summarizing their origin, language, history, culture, and relationship to other people. This encyclopedia includes entries on all people that for a time maintained a cultural identity. Thus, the reader will be able to find entries on the Gauls and Normans, but also an entry on the "French: nationality," that describes who they are today with cross-references to the various ancestral people. Main entries begin with a fact sheet and a timeline and conclude with a further reading section. Sidebars are placed throughout, outlining the biographiesof individuals critical to the shaping of European history, and approximately 200 black-and-white photographs, illustrations, and maps add to the engaging text.
Contents include a master alphabetical list of entries, with alternate names and language families or other classifications; entries organized by language family, ethnicity, nationalities, or regions; a table listing the languages of Europe, past and present; a summary of the geography of Europe; a summary of the prehistoric hominids once inhabiting that continent; a list of individuals mentioned in the text, organized alphabetically according to European people; and an alphabetical list of those individuals featured in biographical sidebars, citing the entries where the sidebars are located.

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 The Secret Rooms: A True Story of a Haunted Castle, a Plotting Duchess, and a Family Secret
The Secret Rooms: A True Story of a Haunted Castle, a Plotting Duchess, and a Family Secret
Author: Catherine Bailey
The Secret Rooms: A True Story of a Haunted Castle, a Plotting Duchess, and a Family Secret
Penguin Books
2013
Format: pdf/epub
Size: 14 Mb
Language: English

After the Ninth Duke of Rutland, one of the wealthiest men in Britain, died alone in a cramped room in the servants’ quarters of Belvoir Castle on April 21, 1940, his son and heir ordered the room, which contained the Rutland family archives, sealed. Sixty years later, Catherine Bailey became the first historian given access. What she discovered was a mystery: The Duke had painstakingly erased three periods of his life from all family records—but why? As Bailey uncovers the answers, she also provides an intimate portrait of the very top of British society in the turbulent days leading up to World War I.

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 A History of Japan: Revised Edition
A History of Japan: Revised Edition
A History of Japan: Revised Edition
Author: R. H. P. Mason and J. G. Caiger
Tuttle
1997
ISBN: 080482097X
Pages: 408, ill.
Language: English
Format: PDF
Size: 25 MB

A History of Japan, Revised Edition includes:
• Archaic Japan—including Yamato, the creation of a unified state, the Nara Period, and the Heian period
• Medieval Japan— including rule by the military houses, the failure of Ashikaga Rule, Buddhism, and the Kamakura and Muroachi Periods periods
• Ealy Modern Japan—including Japanese feudalism, administration under the Tokugawa, and society and culture in early modern Japan
• Modern Japan—including The Meiji Era and policies for modernization, from consensus to crisis (1912-1937), and solutions through force

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 How It Works Book of Incredible History Vol 2 Revised Edition 2015
How It Works Book of Incredible History Vol 2 Revised Edition 2015
How It Works Book of Incredible History Vol 2
Author: Collective
Imagine Publishing Ltd (Edition 2015)
How It Works
2015
Pages: 180
Language: English
Format: PDF
Size: 57 MB

How It Works, the magazine that explains everything you never knew you wanted to know about the world we live in. Loaded with fully illustrated guides and expert knowledge, and with sections dedicated to science, technology, transportation, space, history and the environment, no subject is too big or small for How It Works to explain. The How It Works Book of Incredible History is packed with fascinating facts about over 200 million years of history. What did Jurassic Park get wrong about the dinosaurs? How did medieval people write? How did Leonardo da Vinci learn to fly? Find the answers to these questions and more in this fantastic book. Bring history to life with colourful images and stunning illustrations that help explain how past events have shape our world. Take a look inside Buckingham Palace, see how the Sistine Chapel’s ceiling was painted and much, much more.

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 Runic Amulets and Magic Objects
Author: Bernard Mees, Mindy MacLeod
Runic Amulets and Magic Objects
Boydell Press
2006
Format: pdf
Size: 3,01 mb
Language: English

The runic alphabet, in use for well over a thousand years, was employed by various Germanic groups in a variety of ways, including, inevitably, for superstitious and magical rites. Formulaic runic words were inscribed onto small items that could be carried for good luck; runic charms were carved on metal or wooden amulets to ensure peace or prosperity. There are invocations and allusions to pagan and Christian gods and heroes, to spirits of disease, and even to potential lovers. Few such texts are completely unique to Germanic society, and in fact, most of the runic amulets considered in this book show wide-ranging parallels from a variety of European cultures.The question of whether runes were magical or not has divided scholarship in the area. Early criticism embraced fantastic notions of runic magic - leading not just to a healthy scepticism, but in some cases to a complete denial of any magical element whatsoever in the runic inscriptions. This book seeks to re-evaulate the whole question of runic sorcery, attested to not only in the medieval Norse literature dealing with runes but primarily in the fascinating magical texts of the runic inscriptions themselves.Dr MINDY MCLEOD teaches in the Department of Linguistics, Deakin University, Melbourne; Dr BERNARD MEES teaches in the Department of History at the University of Melbourne.

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 Great Ages of Man - Cradle of Civilization
Great Ages of Man - Cradle of Civilization
Author: Samuel Noah Cramer
Great Ages of Man - Cradle of Civilization
Time-Life Books
1967
Format: PDF
Pages: 184
Language: English
Size: 32.4 MB

A great introduction into the evolution of Mesopotamia as one of the great centers of human development, the first cities of Sumer, the Semitic Conquest of the Amorites over Sumer, the rise of city states of Ur, Erech, and Nippur, the code of Hammurabi, the rise of the Babylon, the invention of cuneiform writing, the writing and survival of the Epic of Gilgamesh, and a lot of other great stuff too. A great book from 1967 Time/Life series "Great Ages of Man", well worth your perusal if interested in the ancient history of the Middle East.

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 Artillery
Artillery
Author: John Nicholas
Artillery (The Army Library)
Rourke Enterprises, Inc.
1989
Format: PDF
Pages: 56
Language: English
Size: 23.2 MB

Describes the various types of artillery used by the United States Army during different times in history, including self-propelled howitzers, light artillery, towed heavyweights, and other kinds of guns.

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 The History of Mexico: From Pre-Conquest to Present
The History of Mexico: From Pre-Conquest to Present
Author: Philip Russell
The History of Mexico: From Pre-Conquest to Present
Routledge
2010
808
Format: Pdf
Size: 11 MB
Language: English

The History of Mexico: From Pre-Conquest to Present traces the last 500 years of Mexican history, from the indigenous empires that were devastated by the Spanish conquest through the election of 2006 and its aftermath. The book offers a straightforward chronological survey of Mexican history from the pre-colonial times to the present, and includes a glossary as well as numerous tables and images for comprehensive study.

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 Arnhem
Arnhem
Author: Biegański Witold
Arnhem
Ksiazka i wiedza
1975
Format: pdf
Language: Polish
Size: 25.03 MB

Począwszy od 19 września garstka Polaków na prawym brzegu Renu oczekiwała w napięciu i niepokoju przylotu brygady. Ale nie było jej ani 19, ani 20 września. Dopiero 21 września w godzinach popołudniowych dowiedziano się, że nareszcie brygada wystartowała z Anglii. Wszyscy życzyli jej szczęśliwego lądowania. Wszyscy też ruszyli nad brzeg wraz z kapitanem Zwolańskim, któremu generał Urquhart zlecił specjalną misję.

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 A Brief History Of Afghanistan
A Brief History Of Afghanistan
A Brief History Of Afghanistan
Author: Shaista Wahab, Barry Youngerman
Facts on File
2007
Pages: 321
Language: English
Format: pdf
Size: 6 Mb

A Brief History of Afghanistan examines this country's isolation and how it found itself involved in 30 years of war and anarchy. This resource provides extensive background information so readers can understand the issues and make informed judgments of their own. Offering a clear, concise account of this country's historical and cultural heritage, from 3000 BCE to the present, this insightful book explores the culture and politics of the Pashtun tribes whose homeland extends across much of Afghanistan and northern Pakistan, as well as the Taliban insurgency and the relationship between local leaders and the central government in Kabul.

About the Author
Shaista Wahab is a native of Kabul, the capital city of Afghanistan. She holds degrees in history and information sciences from Kabul University, the University of New Delhi in India, and the University of Nebraska at Omaha. She is presently the cataloger and curator of the University of Nebraska's Arthur Paul Afghanistan Collection.

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 The History of White People
The History of White People
Author:Nell Irvin Painter
The History of White People
New York : W.W. Norton
2010
Language: English
Format: epub
Size: 2,1 mb

Who are white people and where did they come from? Elementary questions with elusive, contradictory, and complicated answers set historian Painter's inquiry into motion. From notions of whiteness in Greek literature to the changing nature of white identity in direct response to Malcolm X and his black power successors, Painter's wide-ranging response is a who's who of racial thinkers and a synoptic guide to their work. Her commodious history of an idea accommodates Caesar; Saint Patrick, history's most famous British slave of the early medieval period; Madame de Staël; and Emerson, the philosopher king of American white race theory. Painter (Sojourner Truth) reviews the diverse cast in their intellectual milieus, linking them to one another across time and language barriers. Conceptions of beauty (ideals of white beauty [became] firmly embedded in the science of race), social science research, and persistent North/South stereotypes prove relevant to defining whiteness. What we can see, the author observes, depends heavily on what our culture has trained us to look for. For the variable, changing, and often capricious definition of whiteness, Painter offers a kaleidoscopic lens.

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