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6-08-2015, 15:31


C. 1000 BCE
Small village communities along the Tiber River unite into a single settlement inhabitants call Rome.

C. 600 BCE
The Etruscans from northern Italy take control of Rome.

509 BCE
Roman nobles overthrow Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, an Etruscan king, launching the Roman Republic.

264-241 BCE
Rome fights in the First Punic War and takes Sicily as its first province.

218-201 BCE
Rome battles Carthage in the Second Punic War, during which Hannibal attacks from the north.

149-146 BCE
Rome annexes portions of northern Africa and Spain during the Third Punic War.

44 BCE
On March 15, senators murder Julius Caesar, fearing his ascent to power.

31 BCE
On September 2, Octavian becomes Rome’s sole leader, the emperor, which ushers in the Roman Empire.

43 CE
Emperor Claudius pushes troops as far west as Britain and as far south as present-day Morocco and Algeria.

On August 24, Vesuvius erupts and destroys Pompeii and Herculaneum.

Rome’s Colosseum opens and hosts gladiatorial games and other public events.

Under Emperor Trajan, Rome reaches its height of power, stretching across three continents.

c. 120s
The Romans complete the Pantheon, a temple.

Diocletian becomes emperor, then reorganizes the government and standardizes Roman coins.

The sons of Emperor Theodosius 1,
Arcadius and Honorius, split the Roman Empire in two: West and East.

The Visigoths, a Germanic group,
sack the city of Rome and leave.

Germanic leader Odoacer and his army defeat the West Roman Empire.

The Ottomans take control of Constantinople, bringing an end to the East Roman Empire