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 The Twilight of the Goths: The Kingdom of Toledo, C. 560-711
The Twilight of the Goths: The Kingdom of Toledo, C. 560-711
The Twilight of the Goths: The Kingdom of Toledo, C. 560-711
Harold Livermore
2006
Intellect L & D E F a E
pdf
116
language: English
ISBN:1841509663
2,11 mb

Toledo, former capital of Spain until 1560, is now one of the most monumental of Spanish cities. In
Roman times, it was originally a modest tribal township, which was eventually elevated to a national
capital by the Visigoths (one of two main branches of the Goths, who along with their cousins, the
Ostrogoths in South Russia, were considered barbarians across Europe).


The history of the Visigoth's
victory over Rome and the foundation of their own Western empire is an epic story: as dramatic as their
subsequent overthrow in a single battle by the Islamic expansion in 710-711. Their rise owes much to
their service as allies, and later legionaries, of the Roman army. Over time, they gradually shed their
tribal attributes and became themselves 'Romanized'. The Goths' sudden collapse arose, similarly to the
Romans, from their failure to resolve the problem of succession. Their legacy is unseen: they left no
written history of themselves, and their story has to be pieced together from other accounts, however
this book attempts to trace their evolutionary passage from a Germanic tribe into conquerors.

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 Britain's Medieval Castles
Britain's Medieval Castles
Author: Lise E. Hull
Britain's Medieval Castles
Praeger Publishers
2006
Format: PDF
Size: 19,91 mb
Language: English
Pages: 248

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 The Sword in the Age of Chivalry
The Sword in the Age of Chivalry
Author: Ewart Oakeshott
2002
Pages: 260
Format: PDF
Size: 11,54 MB
Language: English.

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 Armies of Feudal Europe 1066 – 1300
Armies of Feudal Europe 1066 – 1300
Armies of Feudal Europe 1066 – 1300
Author: Ian Heath
Wargames Research Group
ISBN: 0904417433
1989
Pages: 160
Language: English
Format: PDF
Size: 37 MB

Armies of Feudal Europe 1066-1300 by Ian Heath. Full revised second edition published by Wargames Research Group 1989. 160 page paperback book covering the organisation, tactics, dress and weapons of approximately 25 nations with 147 line drawings and 149 coats of arms. This edition is now out of print and is rare.

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 Adversity's Wake: The Calamitous Fourth Voyage of Christopher Columbus
Adversity's Wake: The Calamitous Fourth Voyage of Christopher Columbus
Author: Richard S. Philbrick (Author), Ms. Stephany M. Peñaloza (Translator), Ms. Deyreth García (Translator)
Adversity's Wake: The Calamitous Fourth Voyage of Christopher Columbus
CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
2012
Format: PDF
Size: 51.6 Mb
Language: English/Spanish

Everyone knows of Columbus’s history-changing voyage of 1492. Few know he made three others to what became known as the “New World.” His fourth, and final, voyage was the stuff of fiction. The Admiral of the Ocean Sea battled hurricanes, constant storms and contrary currents. He fought pitched battles with the indigenous tribes in what is now Panama where he had to abandon two of his ships. Attempting to reach Santo Domingo in vessels barely afloat the adventurers were marooned on Jamaica. Two of the crew and a handful of Indians made a daring open-ocean journey in dugout canoes across the Windward Passage to bring word of their companion’s fate. Half of the marooned crew mutinied eventually leading to a bloody confrontation between shipmates. The author created a fictional narrator and a young orphan who made the journey in order to tell the story of this epic sea adventure. Two young students at the Universidad Latina in David, Panama, Stephany Peñaloza and Deyreth García, chose to translate this book while working towards their degrees in English language studies. This book is intended for Spanish-speaking students studying English. The English text is presented in BOLD text followed immediately by the Spanish translation in ITALICS. This unique formatting allows the reader’s eye to easily follow the story in English and then, if needed, check their comprehension by reading the Spanish translation.

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 Mamluk 'Askari 1250-1517
Mamluk 'Askari 1250-1517
Author: David Nicolle
Mamluk 'Askari 1250-1517 (Warrior)
Osprey Publishing
2014
Format: PDF (scan), true pdf
Size: 23.5 Mb, 3.8 Mb
Language: English

New archaeological material and research underpin this extensive, detailed and beautifully illustrated account of the famous Mamluk Askars.The Mamluk army is credited with finally defeating and expelling the Crusaders from the Middle East, with defeating and halting the Mongol invasion of the Islamic Middle East, and with facing down - though not defeating - Tamerlane. Their state was an essentially military one but was for centuries also the Protector of the Holy Places, which gave it supreme prestige within the later medieval Islamic world.The mamluk troops (askaris) of the Mamluk Sultanate in Egypt and Syria were probably the ultimate professional soldiers of the medieval period. They were supposedly recruited as adolescent slaves, though recent research has begun to undermine this oversimplified interpretation of what has been called the "mamluk phenomenon".The Mamluk Sultanate and its army lasted for a remarkably long time, from the mid-13th to early 16th century, long enough to resist the Portuguese in the Indian Ocean and Red Sea, before finally being defeated and overthrown by the Ottoman Sultanate. Indeed the mamluk phenomenon lasted even longer in Ottoman-ruled Egypt, until the final years of the 18th century. It was so embedded in Egyptian, and to a lesser extent Syrian, society and politics that the modern Egyptian army of the 19th century has, during its first decades, been described as a neo-mamluk force.

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 The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785
The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785
Author: David Nicolle
The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785: Charlemagne's Defeat of Widukind of Westphalia
Osprey Publishing
Osprey Campaign 271
ISBN: 178200825X
2014
Format: PDF (e-book)
Pages: 98
Size: 9 Mb
Language: English

Charlemagne's conquest of the Saxons was the hardest fought and most protracted of his wars; it involved 18 campaigns spread across 33 years, a great deal of lower-level fighting and the harshest final peace settlement that Charlemagne ever imposed upon a defeated foe. Rapidly taking on the character of a religious conquest from its outset, it also became the most important of all Charlemagne's wars for the future direction and character of European history and began the long process of uniting the German-speaking peoples.

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 Atlas of Medieval Jewish History
Atlas of Medieval Jewish History
Author:Haim Beinart
Atlas of Medieval Jewish History
Coronet Books Inc.
1992
Format:PDF
Size:50.01 MB
Language:English

Atlases dealing with the history of the Jews have begun appearing in English only recently. It is therefore a great contribution to the field to have this translation of a volume first published in Israel, where scholars have long realized the importance of such works for both students and researchers. The meticulous research of Beinart (Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem), one of the foremost scholars of medieval Jewish history, is evident on every page. He has divided the book into three major sections: an initial portion extending from the barbarian invasion of Europe to the Crusades; a second devoted to the period ending with the expulsion from Spain; and a final segment covering developments through the Chmielnicki massacres and Sabbatean movement. Every student of the period will treasure the 116 maps and illustrations, demographic data, and artwork. The volume also contains a useful bibliography and map, subject, and people indexes. This much-needed research and educational tool makes an excellent companion to Evyatar Friesel's Atlas of Modern Jewish History ( LJ 1/1/91); it covers in depth material touched on in Martin Gilbert's The Illustrated Atlas of Jewish Civilization (one of LJ 's "Best Reference Books," 4/15/91). Highly recommended to libraries and the general audience.

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 History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey: Volume 1, Empire of the Gazis: The Rise and Decline of the Ottoman Empire 1280-1808
History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey: Volume 1, Empire of the Gazis: The Rise and Decline of the Ottoman Empire 1280-1808
Author: Stanford J. Shaw
History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey Volume 1, Empire of the Gazis The Rise and Decline of the Ottoman Empire 1280-1808
Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521291631
1976
Format: PDF
Size: 16,6 МБ
Language: English
Pages: 368
Empire of the Gazis: The Rise and Decline of the Ottoman Empire, 1280-1808 is the first book of the two-volume History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey. It describes how the Ottoman Turks, a small band of nomadic soldiers, managed to expand their dominions from a small principality in northwestern Anatolia on the borders of the Byzantine Empire into one of the great empires of fifteenth- and sixteenth-century Europe and Asia, extending from northern Hungary to southern Arabia and from the Crimea across North Africa almost to the Atlantic Ocean. The volume sweeps away the accumulated prejudices of centuries and describes the empire of the sultans as a living, changing society, dominated by the small multinational Ottoman ruling class led by the sultan, but with a scope of government so narrow that the subjects, Muslim and non-Muslim alike, were left to carry on their own lives, religions, and traditions with little outside interference.

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 Armies of the Middle Ages, volume 1
Armies of the Middle Ages, volume 1
Author: Ian Heath
Armies of the Middle Ages, volume 1
Wargames Research Group
1982
Format: pdf
Language: English
Size: 57 mb

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 The Birth of the Hospital in the Byzantine Empire
The Birth of the Hospital in the Byzantine Empire
Author: Timothy S. Miller
The Birth of the Hospital in the Byzantine Empire
Johns Hopkins University Press
ISBN: 0801856574
1997
Format: PDF
Size: 36,8 МБ
Language: English
Pages: 328
Medical historians have traditionally claimed that modern hospitals emerged during the latter half of the nineteenth century. Premodern hospitals, according to many scholars, existed mainly as refuges for the desperately poor and sick, providing patients with little or no medical care. Challenging this view in a compelling survey of hospitals in the East Roman Empire, Timothy Miller traces the birth and development of Byzantine xenones, or hospitals, from their emergence in the fourth century to their decline in the fifteenth century, just prior to the Turkish conquest of Constantinople. These sophisticated medical facilities, he concludes, are the true ancestors of modern hospitals. In a new introduction to this paperback edition, Miller describes the growing scholarship on this subject in recent years.

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 Armies of the Middle Ages, volume 2
Armies of the Middle Ages, volume 2
Author: Ian Heath
Armies of the Middle Ages, volume 2
The Ottoman Empire, Eastern Europe and the Near East, 1300-1500
Wargames Research Group Publication

Pages: 204

Language: English
1984
Format: PDF
Size: 88,1 МБ

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 A Military History of the Ottomans, From Osman to Ataturk
A Military History of the Ottomans, From Osman to Ataturk
Author: Mesut Uyar, Edward J Erickson
A Military History of the Ottomans, From Osman to Ataturk
Praeger
ISBN: 0275988767
2009
Format: PDF
Size: 3,4 МБ
Language: English
Pages: 379
The Ottoman Army had a significant effect on the history of the modern world and particularly on that of the Middle East and Europe. This study, written by a Turkish and an American scholar, is a revision and corrective to western accounts because it is based on Turkish interpretations, rather than European interpretations, of events. As the world's dominant military machine from 1300 to the mid-1700's, the Ottoman Army led the way in military institutions, organizational structures, technology, and tactics. In decline thereafter, it nevertheless remained a considerable force to be counted in the balance of power through 1918. From its nomadic origins, it underwent revolutions in military affairs as well as several transformations which enabled it to compete on favorable terms with the best of armies of the day. This study tracks the growth of the Ottoman Army as a professional institution from the perspective of the Ottomans themselves, by using previously untapped Ottoman source materials. Additionally, the impact of important commanders and the role of politics, as these affected the army, are examined. The study concludes with the Ottoman legacy and its effect on the Republic and modern Turkish Army.

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 Medieval Russia, 980-1584
Medieval Russia, 980-1584
Author: Janet Martin
Medieval Russia, 980-1584 (Cambridge Medieval Textbooks)
Cambridge University Press
2008
540
Format: Pdf
Size: 5 MB
Language: English

This revised edition is a concise, yet comprehensive narrative of the history of Russia from the reign of Vladimir I the Saint, through to the reign of Ivan IV the Terrible. Supplementing the original edition with results of recently published scholarship as well as her own research, Janet Martin emphasizes the dynamics of Russia's political evolution from the loose federation of principalities known as Kievan Rus' through the era of Mongol domination to the development of the Muscovite state.

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 Osprey - Warrior 7 - Samurai 1550-1600
Osprey - Warrior 7 - Samurai 1550-1600
Author: Anthony J. Bryant
Osprey - Warrior 7 - Samurai 1550-1600
Osprey Publishing
ISBN: 1855323451
1994
Format: PDF
Size: 9 МБ
Language: English
Pages: 63
This title details the culture, weapons, armour and training of the elite samurai warrior class in the fascinating Age of Battles period (1550-1600). This was a period of vital importance not only because of the political effects of the chaos but also due to the changes in warfare that occurred. In 1542 the Portuguese introduced the matchlock musket into Japanese warfare, and this book traces the effect that this important innovation had on the samurai. Life outside the field of battle is also examined, making this an unmissable book for those interested in this brave warrior caste.

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 Warfare in the Medieval World
Warfare in the Medieval World
Author: Chris Marshall
Warfare in the Medieval World (History of Warfare)
Raintree Steck-Vaughn Company
1999
Format: PDF
Pages: 88
Language: English
Size: 11.7 MB

Provides an overview of the evolution of military conflicts from the fifth through the fifteenth centuries, describing changes in the make-up of the armies, fighting tactics, and weapons.

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 The Viking Blitzkrieg AD 789-1098
The Viking Blitzkrieg AD 789-1098
Author: Martyn Whittock, Hannah Whittock
The Viking Blitzkrieg AD 789-1098
The History Press
2013
ISBN: 0752467999
Format: PDF
Size: 5,3 МБ
Language: English
Pages: 447
This book explores the impact of the Viking Wars on England between the first recorded attack in AD 789 and the last major Scandinavian interventions in the late eleventh century, with a few stray events occurring even later than this.
This book argues that without the Viking Wars there would have been no united England in the 10th century, no rise of the Godwin family and their conflict with Edward the Confessor, no Norman connection, no Norman Conquest and no Domesday Book.
The wars and responses to them accelerated economic growth; stimulated state formation and an assertive sense of an English national identity; created a hybrid Anglo-Scandinavian culture that spread beyond the so-called Danelaw; and caused an upheaval in the ruling elite.

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 Women of the Renaissance
Women of the Renaissance
Author: Margaret L. King
Women of the Renaissance
University of Chicago Press
1991
Pages: 350
Format: PDF
Language : English
Size: 22 mb
Quality: Good

In this informative and lively volume, Margaret L. King synthesizes a large body of literature on the condition of western European women in the Renaissance centuries (1350-1650), crafting a much-needed and unified overview of women's experience in Renaissance society.
Utilizing the perspectives of social, church, and intellectual history, King looks at women of all classes, in both usual and unusual settings. She first describes the familial roles filled by most women of the day—as mothers, daughters, wives, widows, and workers. She turns then to that significant fraction of women in, and acted upon, by the church: nuns, uncloistered holy women, saints, heretics, reformers,and witches, devoting special attention to the social and economic independence monastic life afforded them. The lives of exceptional women, those warriors, queens, patronesses, scholars, and visionaries who found some other place in society for their energies and strivings, are explored, with consideration given to the works and writings of those first protesting female subordination: the French Christine de Pizan, the Italian Modesta da Pozzo, the English Mary Astell.
Of interest to students of European history and women's studies, King's volume will also appeal to general readers seeking an informative, engaging entrance into the Renaissance period.

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 Empires of Medieval West Africa: Ghana, Mali, and Songhay
Empires of Medieval West Africa: Ghana, Mali, and Songhay
Author: David C. Conrad
Empires of Medieval West Africa: Ghana, Mali, and Songhay (Great Empires of the Past)
Chelsea House Publications
2009
Language: English
Pages: 152
Format: PDF
Size: 15,53 МБ
Beginning about 1200 CE, the Mali, Songhay, and Ghana empires spread their sequential influence across the western horn of Africa, making advances in trade, language, culture, and economy. Influenced heavily by Islam in their later periods, these empires flourished and grew under a series of powerful leaders, including one, Mansa Musa, whose skills were celebrated in European capitals. "Empires of Medieval West Africa, Revised Edition" discusses the vital role salt and other natural resources played in the development of the empires, the rich and diverse cultures, and the influence of the growing Islamic Empire on every day life. Included are some transcriptions of the oral tradition that is, in many cases, the only record of the deeds and achievements of these people. Connections to life today include the continuing impact of Islam and tribal groups in today's Africa and the influence of the medieval traditions on modern music and cuisine.

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