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 Armor
Armor
Author: Charlotte and David Yue
Armor
Houghton Mifflin Company
1994
Format: PDF
Pages: 104
Language: English
Size: 10.6 MB

No figure in history is more vivid and dramatic than the medieval knight. Fierce in battle and gallant in their defense of the weak, these warriors of the Middle Ages are seen as champions of justice in a savage world. They did not always live up to our image of them, but they still represent a noble ideal.

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 Mamluk 'Askari 1250-1517
Mamluk 'Askari 1250-1517
Author: David Nicolle
Mamluk 'Askari 1250-1517 (Warrior)
Osprey Publishing
2014
Format: PDF (scan), true pdf
Size: 23.5 Mb, 3.8 Mb
Language: English

New archaeological material and research underpin this extensive, detailed and beautifully illustrated account of the famous Mamluk Askars.The Mamluk army is credited with finally defeating and expelling the Crusaders from the Middle East, with defeating and halting the Mongol invasion of the Islamic Middle East, and with facing down - though not defeating - Tamerlane. Their state was an essentially military one but was for centuries also the Protector of the Holy Places, which gave it supreme prestige within the later medieval Islamic world.The mamluk troops (askaris) of the Mamluk Sultanate in Egypt and Syria were probably the ultimate professional soldiers of the medieval period. They were supposedly recruited as adolescent slaves, though recent research has begun to undermine this oversimplified interpretation of what has been called the "mamluk phenomenon".The Mamluk Sultanate and its army lasted for a remarkably long time, from the mid-13th to early 16th century, long enough to resist the Portuguese in the Indian Ocean and Red Sea, before finally being defeated and overthrown by the Ottoman Sultanate. Indeed the mamluk phenomenon lasted even longer in Ottoman-ruled Egypt, until the final years of the 18th century. It was so embedded in Egyptian, and to a lesser extent Syrian, society and politics that the modern Egyptian army of the 19th century has, during its first decades, been described as a neo-mamluk force.

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 Atlas of medieval Europe
Atlas of medieval Europe
Atlas of medieval Europe
Rîutledge
Author: Angus MacKay, David Ditchburn
1996
Pages: 288
Format: PDF
Size: 14 mb
Language: English

Covering the period from the fall of the Roman Empire through to the beginnings of the Renaissance, this indispensable volume brings the complex and colorful history of the Middle Ages to life. It investigates the major political, social and cultural changes, showing their spread throughout the middle ages, and takes into account recent developments in scholarship. It also includes geographical coverage, extending the broadest definition of Europe from the Atlantic coast to the Russian steppes; maps addressing a separate issue or series of events in Medieval history, with a commentary locating it in its broader context; and maps providing a vivid representation of the development of nations, peoples and social structures. With over 140 maps, expert commentaries and an extensive bibliography, this is the essential reference for students at all levels, libraries and all those who want a thorough, geographically based guide to medieval Europe.

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 The Cambridge medieval history. Vol.1
The Cambridge medieval history. Vol.1
The Cambridge medieval history. Vol.1
New York Macmillan
Author: Bury, J. B.
1911
Pages: 836
Format: PDF
Size: 65 mb
Language: English

Table of Contents
I. The Christian Roman empire and the foundation of the Teutonic kingdoms.
II. The rise of the Saracens and the foundation of the Western empire.
III. Germany and the Western empire.
IV. The eastern Roman empire (717-1453)
V. Contest of empire and papacy.
VI. Victory of the papacy.
VII. Decline of empire and papacy.
VIII. The close of the middle ages.

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 The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785
The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785
Author: David Nicolle
The Conquest of Saxony AD 782–785: Charlemagne's Defeat of Widukind of Westphalia
Osprey Publishing
Osprey Campaign 271
ISBN: 178200825X
2014
Format: PDF (e-book)
Pages: 98
Size: 9 Mb
Language: English

Charlemagne's conquest of the Saxons was the hardest fought and most protracted of his wars; it involved 18 campaigns spread across 33 years, a great deal of lower-level fighting and the harshest final peace settlement that Charlemagne ever imposed upon a defeated foe. Rapidly taking on the character of a religious conquest from its outset, it also became the most important of all Charlemagne's wars for the future direction and character of European history and began the long process of uniting the German-speaking peoples.

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 Byzantium Confronts the West, 1180-1204
Byzantium Confronts the West, 1180-1204
Author: Charles M. Brand
Byzantium Confronts the West, 1180-1204
Harvard University Press
1968
Format: PDF
Size: 18,7 ÌÁ
Language: English
Pages: 416
At the death of emperor Manuel I Comnenus in 1180, the Byzantine Empire appeared to be a solidly constructed state; in 1204, barely a quarter century later, Constantinople fell to the forces of the Fourth Crusade. Brand analyzes the internal and external pressures which beset Byzantium: the tyranny of Andronicus I comnenus, the incapable Angeli emperors, the pressure of Turks and Bulgarians, and especially the onslaught of the vigorous West. Attacks and threats from Normans, Frederick Barbarossa, and his son Henry VI, and eventually the Fourth Crusaders were reinforced by commercial pressure from Venice, Genoa and Pisa.

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 The Concise History of the Crusades
The Concise History of the Crusades
Author: Thomas F. Madden
The Concise History of the Crusades (Critical Issues in World and International History)
Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
2014
Format: epub/pdf
Size: 22.4 Mb
Language: English

What is the relationship between the medieval crusades and the problems of the modern Middle East? Were the crusades the Christian equivalent of Muslim jihad? In this sweeping yet crisp history, Thomas F. Madden offers a brilliant and compelling narrative of the crusades and their contemporary relevance. Placing all of the major crusades within their social, economic, religious, and intellectual environments, Madden explores the uniquely medieval world that led untold thousands to leave their homes, families, and friends to march in Christ’s name to distant lands. From Palestine and Europe's farthest reaches, each crusade is recounted in a clear, concise narrative. The author gives special attention as well to the crusades’ effects on the Islamic world and the Christian Byzantine East.

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 Warfare in the Medieval World
Warfare in the Medieval World
Author: Chris Marshall
Warfare in the Medieval World (History of Warfare)
Raintree Steck-Vaughn Company
1999
Format: PDF
Pages: 88
Language: English
Size: 11.7 MB

Provides an overview of the evolution of military conflicts from the fifth through the fifteenth centuries, describing changes in the make-up of the armies, fighting tactics, and weapons.

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 The Jews of Byzantium 1204-1453
The Jews of Byzantium 1204-1453
Author: Steven B. Bowman
The Jews of Byzantium 1204-1453
Bloch Pub Co
ISBN: 0819707031
1985
Format: PDF
Size: 5,7 ÌÁ
Language: English
Pages: 379
Bowman presents the sources with a critical historical introduction for the rediscovery of Balkan and Aegean Jewry from the Fourth Crusade to the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople. The book traces the fortunes of Greek Jews, their contact with co-religionists from Spain, Italy, the Crimea and their interaction with the variegated local populations and endemic conquerors of the region. From the beginning of the 13th century to the 16th century with special chapters on intellectual life, rabbinic interests, mysticism, Greek culture and the social and economic dimension.

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 The Age of Exploration: From Christopher Columbus to Ferdinand Magellan
The Age of Exploration: From Christopher Columbus to Ferdinand Magellan
Author: Kenneth Pletcher
The Age of Exploration: From Christopher Columbus to Ferdinand Magellan
Rosen Education Service
ISBN: 1622750195
2013
Format: EPUB
Size: 16,6 ÌÁ
Language: English
Pages: 163
The Britannica Guide to Explorers and Adventurers
People have been pushing boundaries in search of fame and fortune for centuries, from ancient times to the present day. A quest for knowledge has been another impetus for testing personal and universal limits, as has the thrill of adventure. Within these pages, readers will discover detailed accounts of the lives of explorers and adventurers throughout the ages, men and women whose journeys have been remarkable, whatever their motivation.

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 Crusader Archaeology: The Material Culture of the Latin East
Crusader Archaeology: The Material Culture of the Latin East
Crusader Archaeology: The Material Culture of the Latin East
Author: Adrian J. Boas
Routledge
1999
Pages: 267
Language: English
Format: pdf
Size: 14.7 Mb

Crusader Archaeology draws together recently excavated material culture in Israel, Cyprus, Syria and Jordan to examine what life was like for the Crusaders in their territory and how they were influenced by their newfound neighbors. Chapters discuss urban and rural settlements, surveying agriculture, industry, military, church, public and private architecture, arts and crafts, leisure pursuits, death and burial, and building techniques. This lavishly illustrated volume creates a vivid portrait of the period.

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 A Cultural History of the Atlantic World, 1250-1820
A Cultural History of the Atlantic World, 1250-1820
Author: John K. Thornton
A Cultural History of the Atlantic World, 1250-1820
Cambridge University Press
2012
Format: PDF
Size: 10 Mb
Language: English

A Cultural History of the Atlantic World, 1250-1820 explores the idea that strong linkages exist in the histories of Africa, Europe, and North and South America. John K. Thornton provides a comprehensive overview of the history of the Atlantic Basin before 1830 by describing political, social, and cultural interactions between the continents' inhabitants. He traces the backgrounds of the populations on these three continental landmasses brought into contact by European navigation. Thornton then examines the political and social implications of the encounters, tracing the origins of a variety of Atlantic societies and showing how new ways of eating, drinking, speaking, and worshipping developed in the newly created Atlantic World. This book uses close readings of original sources to produce new interpretations of its subject.

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 The Age of the Dromon: The Byzantine Navy ca 500-1204
The Age of the Dromon: The Byzantine Navy ca 500-1204
The Age of the Dromon: The Byzantine Navy ca 500-1204
Author: Pryor J. H., Jeffreys E. M.
Brill Academic Publishers
2006
Pages: 758
ISBN: 978-90-04-15197-0; 90-04-15197-4
Format: PDF
Language: English
Size: 18 mb

This volume examines the development and evolution of the war galley known as the Dromon, and its relative, the Chelandion, from first appearance in the sixth century until its supercession in the twelfth century by the Galea developed in the Latin West. Beginning as a small, fully-decked, monoreme galley, by the tenth century the Dromon had become a bireme, the pre-eminent war galley of the Mediterranean. The salient features of these ships were their two-banked oarage system, the spurs at their bows which replaced the ram of classical antiquity, their lateen sails, and their primary weapon: Greek Fire.
The book contextualizes the technical characteristics of the ships within the operational history of Byzantine fleets, logistical problems of medieval naval warfare, and strategic objectives.

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 The Murder of William of Norwich: The Origins of the Blood Libel in Medieval Europe
The Murder of William of Norwich: The Origins of the Blood Libel in Medieval Europe
Author:Author:
The Murder of William of Norwich: The Origins of the Blood Libel in Medieval Europe
2015
Oxford University Press
Format:PDF
Size:7,5 MB
Pages: 416
Language:English

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 Before European Hegemony: The World System A.D. 1250-1350
Before European Hegemony: The World System A.D. 1250-1350
Before European Hegemony: The World System A.D. 1250-1350
Author: Janet L. Abu-Lughod
Oxford University Press
1991
ISBN: 0195067746
Pages: 464
Format: PDF
Size: 26 mb
Language: English
In this important study, Abu-Lughod presents a groundbreaking reinterpretation of global economic evolution, arguing that the modern world economy had its roots not in the sixteenth century, as is widely supposed, but in the thirteenth century economy--a system far different from the European world system which emerged from it. Using the city as the working unit of analysis, Before European Hegemony provides a new paradigm for understanding the evolution of world systems by tracing the rise of a system that, at its peak in the opening decades of the 14th century, involved a vast region stretching between northwest Europe and China. Writing in a clear and lively style, Abu-Lughod explores the reasons for the eventual decay of this system and the rise of European hegemony.

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 The Big Golden Book of Knights and Castles
The Big Golden Book of Knights and Castles

Author: Barbara Weisberg
The Big Golden Book of Knights and Castles
Golden Book
1993
Format: PDF
Pages: 72
Language: English
Size: 14.8 MB

The Middle Ages--the era of brave knights, majestic castles, and royal pageantry--comes to vivid life in this exciting book. Young readers will discover how a castle was built, how knights were chosen and trained, what it was like to compete in a jousting tournament or to enjoy a lavish feast in the castle's great hall, more. In addition, the book includes lively accounts of King Arthur and his Knights of the Round Table, Joan of Arc, the Black Prince, and other fascinating figures from the days of chivalry.

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 Medieval Castles
Medieval Castles
Medieval Castles (Greenwood Guides to Historic Events of the Medieval World)
Greenwood
Author: Marilyn Stokstad
2005
Pages: 256
Format: PDF
Size: 2,5 mb
Language: English

Stokstad, the author of a well- regarded history of medieval art, has written an account that describes all aspects of medieval castles, with many specific examples and a rich collection of primary sources. Written for high school students and the general reader, the text provides a nuanced look at castles, with attention to their architecture, methods of fortification, methods of warfare, functions besides defense, inhabitants, their fate after the invention of gunpowder, and the romantic attachment to their architecture from the 18th century to the present. This volume focuses mainly on examples in England and France; it is supplemented nicely by examples in another book in this series, also written by a senior scholar, that focuses on the Crusades

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 The Knights Templars
The Knights Templars
Author: Harun Yahya
The Knights Templars
Millad Book Centre
2003
Format: PDF
Size: 10,42 mb
Language English

The Templars were a shadowy medieval cult proscribed by a joint decision of the King of France and the Pope. It was originally founded to fight for Christianity, but over time_as the Templars acquired immense power, adopted heretical teachings, and established a capitalist system based on material gain, their order fell afoul of the Church. After being dispersed, the cult survived underground.


The Templars developed a fierce opposition to the Church and the divine religions in general, and eventually turned into the organization we know as the Freemasons. The Masons’ antireligious philosophy and involvement in revolutions and political movements is a consequence of their Templars ancestry. This book examines the secret history of this Templar/Masonic organization and some of its influences on recent world and Turkish history.

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 Templars And The Freemasons
Templars And The Freemasons
Author: Harun Yahya
Templars And The Freemasons
GLOBAL PUBLISHING
2007
Format: PDF
Size: 3,88 mb
Language English
The Knights of the Temple—or Templars, for short—an organization that arose in the Middle Ages, but whose activities and supporters changed over the course of time. The Knights Templar first emerged after the First Crusade, rapidly adopted a political identity and became one of the greatest financial powers of the ages.
Initially portraying themselves as devout, they made use of the prestige and esteem they thus acquired. But statements from the Templar trials that began in 1327 revealed the organization’s true face: Shortly after its formation, it had adopted a form of satanic teaching and also acquired one of the greatest fortunes in Europe.
How did the Templars amass this financial power? How vast was their wealth? And now, who controls that sinister fortune they amassed, and to what ends is it being used?
To answer these questions, this book reconsiders the Knights Templars—whose history was dealt with in our earlier book on the subject—and their successors, the Freemasons, and shows how the Templars continue to be financed by illicit funds.

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